Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar Disorder, otherwise known as Bipolar Affective Disorder, affects a person’s mood. It was previously known as Manic Depression. It can involve periods of:

  • Depression/low mood
  • Mania/hypomania

The intensity of the depressive and manic symptoms may be mild to severe and they may last from days to weeks and months. Some people can experience psychosis during these episodes. This is characterised by seeing or hearing things that are not actually there or becoming convinced of things that are not true.


In the depression phase people experience low mood, lack of motivation, energy and enjoyment from things. People may feel hopeless, put themselves down frequently and can feel suicidal. They may withdraw and isolate themselves.


In the mania phase people have heightened levels of energy and feel ‘high’. They may eat and sleep very little. They may feel highly creative and become highly ambitious. They may speak quickly, their thoughts jump around lots and may spend lots of money on things that they cannot afford or would not ordinarily want. They may also become irritable with others.

Treatment for Bipolar

There are several treatment options for Bipolar Disorder:


Medication to prevent and manage the mood symptoms. To be prescribed medication you should speak with your GP about your experiences of Bipolar Disorder and they can refer you to a Psychiatrist who can confirm the diagnosis and possibly prescribe medication if deemed appropriate.

Psychological therapy

At Therapy Central we have therapists who are experienced in working with people with Bipolar Disorder. We can help you to understand your condition, identify things that trigger your symptoms, learn how to prevent the depressive and manic episodes as well as learn how to manage these episodes if they arise. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is a form of therapy that has been shown to be helpful for many people experiencing Bipolar Disorder and your therapist will likely base therapy on this approach. People can find it helpful to take medication as well as receive psychological therapy at the same time.

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